Rising to more than 6,100 feet above the Silurian Valley, the Avawatz Mountains form a commanding backdrop of colorful eroded slopes, rugged ridges, and steep, narrow canyons. These mountains are composed of Precambrian, Paleozoic, and Mesozoic-age sedimentary and igneous rocks with some Tertiary-age sediments. Archaeological sites in the area indicate a historical presence of Native Americans. Members of the Shoshone Nation continue to visit the area for spiritual and cultural purposes, collecting plants and other materials for crafts and medicines.
Nine natural springs supply water to desert animals like bighorn sheep, coyotes, bobcats, and roadrunners. California biologists have identified the area as an important link for regional habitat connectivity, enabling wildlife to move across a larger landscape throughout the desert.
The Avawatz Mountains are a paradise for rock climbers, cross-country hikers and equestrians willing to brave harsh conditions and carry plenty of water in exchange for solitude and an outstanding back country experience.